Verb(1) become converted into ions(2) convert into ions
(1) Radioactive elements in the sample or in the surrounding environment ionize the atoms in crystalline quartz, and the electrons become trapped by crystal defects.(2) Making hydrogen atoms transparent to light involves a similar but much more energetic event: beams of energy must ionize the atoms, splitting them into protons and electrons.(3) But despite frequent theorizing to the contrary, the lower-frequency beams don't ionize ; they pack just enough punch to penetrate and reflect but not to separate electrons from atoms entirely.(4) Once removed from an atom, an electron may in turn ionize other atoms or molecules.(5) When the charged particles of the solar wind hit the atmosphere, various gases present in the atmosphere heat up, split apart molecules, and ionize atoms.(6) Other detectors depend on the electrons from a decay to ionize other atoms and produce an electric current proportional to the decay energy.(7) The alpha particles emitted by the radioactive decay of the americium - 241 ionize the oxygen and nitrogen atoms present in the chamber, giving rise to free electrons and ions.(8) In fairness, any radiation that can ionize an atom can affect chemical changes in a substance.(9) The complete spectrum of radiation from the sun contains a significant amount of high energy ultraviolet light and the energy of these photons is sufficient to ionize atoms or molecules.(10) Fast neutrons lose energy in the tumour via interactions with nuclei, rather than ionization , which causes cell damage that the body cannot repair.(11) So the physicists turned back the clock and imagined an epoch when the universe was so hot that all its atoms were completely ionized - when all atomic nuclei were laid bare and all electrons roamed free.(12) Their energy of motion rapidly dissipates in the form of heat, light, and ionization , creating short-lived streaks of light.(13) A single free electron traveling in a strong, uniform electric field ionizes the gaseous molecules around it, generating more electrons and a chain reaction of ionization.(14) Astronomers propose that a group of ancient, massive stars ended the so-called cosmic Dark Ages by ionizing hydrogen and helium atoms, lighting up the universe for the first time since the Big Bang.(15) The phosphate leaves the protein near pH 4, slightly lower than where Glu - 58 becomes ionized .(16) Accordingly, all ionizable residues were considered to be in their charged state, in accordance with the standard pK values and the pH of the reaction.
1. ionise ::
Different Formsionize, ionized, ionizes, ionizing, unionize, unionizes
English to Afrikaans Dictionary: ionize
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